In the case of special individuals, such as those who belong to institutions that are semi-independent or control governments, or individuals who possess particular abilities such as magic and divine power, or regular soldiers and officers of an army, there are typically differing rules and rights to placate or restrict them in everyday life.
Depending on the nation or society, mages especially might enjoy more rights than the commoner or even highborn individual. But just as a mage might be highly privileged in one place, a person who uses magic could be unwanted in another part of the world, sometimes to the point of having no rights at all. Mages, especially those considered illegal mages, are hunted down to be imprisoned or killed; either out of fear for what their unsupervised powers could do, or because they are in violation of local mage laws.
In the central nations, most mages find their rights in the Sanctum Orders, with a few Freemage exceptions. However, depending on the nation, most mages won't be allowed to take positions as statesmen or similar seats of authority; mainly because they are sworn to serve their Mage Order, or because they are hired as court mages and advisors for highborn Houses.
When a son or daughter is born from highborn parents, and that child experiences Magical Awakening in their teens, their highborn rights of inheritance are rendered void. The same is similar to any highborn children who join Temples or similar institutions, as they are expected to be entirely devoted to the deities and faiths that they decide to serve.
The highborn mage will usually retain the family name and some noble status, but they can never be the head of their Houses, nor can they ever rule as kings or queens; especially because Magical Awakening renders an individual sterile, and thus heirs can't be born. In some societies a newly Awakened mage will be stripped of all titles, and be forced to join a Mage Order with no highborn name.
Mages belonging to Mage Orders tend to stand a step above commoners in authoritative rights, though they don't obtain equal rights to highborn societies; with a few exceptions, such as in the Darion Imperium, Samarauch, Canthar or Ter-Khala, where mages tend to be elevated to highborn status and become ruling magistrates. Otherwise it is most common for Order mages to either directly serve their Mage Order or a royal or noble House; with few possibilities of ranking any higher.